Saturday, 9 August 2008

Memorial of Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross

So who is this Teresa Benedicta of the Cross? Let's look to Wikipedia, shall we?

- born in October 12, 1891 as Edith Stein in Breslau (Wrocław) in the German Empire's Prussian Province of Silesia, into an observant Jewish family
- In 1916 received her doctorate of philosophy at the University of Freiburg
- converted to Catholicism and baptized on January 1, 1922 after reading the autobiography of the mystic St. Teresa of Ávila on a holiday in Göttingen in 1921
- taught at a Dominican girls' school in Speyer from 1922 to 1932
- in 1932 became a lecturer at the Institute for Pedagogy at Münster
- denounced the Nazi regime and, in a letter to Pope Pius XI, asked the Pope to openly denounce the regime "to put a stop to this abuse of Christ's name".
- entered the Discalced Carmelite monastery at Cologne in 1933 and took the name Teresa Benedicta of the Cross
- though transferred to the Carmelite monastery in the Netherlands to avoid the growing Nazi threat, on July 26, 1942 was captured in retaliation for the Dutch Bishops' Conference's public condemnation of Nazi racism and shipped to the Auschwitz concentration camp where she died in the gas chambers on August 9, 1942
- was beatified as a martyr on May 1, 1987 in Cologne, Germany by Pope John Paul II and canonized by him on October 11, 1998 under the name Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross


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